Toronto Neighbourhood Guide

Caledon

History of Caledon

Caledon’s first settlers were prospectors who came here in search of gold. These speculators hoped to find riches in the Niagara Escarpment and Oak Ridges Moraine mountains which surround Caledon. Alas, there was no gold, but instead these pioneers would discover a wealth of mineral aggregates including, sand, gravel, bedrock, and stone.The stonework that graces Ontario’s Parliament Buildings, and Toronto’s Old City Hall, comes from Caledon quarries.

Deep beneath the rugged Caledon mountains, lay another surprise, pure acquifers of spring water. Canada Dry, was originally bottled in Caledon. Today, the Chrystal Springs Beverage Company draws water from the same well, once used by Canada Dry. Chrystal Springs extracts between 136,000 and 227,000 litres of water every day, from its two wells near the Caledon hamlet of Cataract. Caledon’s early pioneers were also farmers.

The Peel Plain which stretches across the southern portion of Caledon is considered to be some of the most fertile farmland in Ontario. Wheat was the crop of choice for these pioneers. Grist mills built along the Credit River, were used to turn the wheat into flour. At one time there were 19 mills operating in Caledon.

The Town of Caledon was formed in 1974, from an amalgamation of five municipalities including: the Townships of Albion, Caledon, and Chinguacousy, the Village of Caledon East, and the Village of Bolton. The name Caledon is the poetic name for Scotland, where many of this towns forebearers emigrated from.

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